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Suicide of Tyler Clementi

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Tyler Clementi
File:Tyler Clementi.jpg
Facebook profile self portrait of Tyler Clementi[1]
Born 1991
United States
Died September 22, 2010
New York City, New York, United States
Occupation Student

Tyler Clementi was an eighteen-year-old student at Rutgers University in Piscataway Township, New Jersey, who jumped to his death from the George Washington Bridge on September 22, 2010. This occurred after his sexual encounter with a man in his dorm room was video streamed over the internet without Clementi's knowledge, by his roommate Dharun Ravi and a fellow hallmate Molly Wei, and after a second attempt was made by Ravi to record Clementi's sexual encounters.[2][3] Ravi and Wei were charged with invasion of privacy.[4]

Background Edit

Clementi, from Ridgewood, New Jersey and a graduate of Ridgewood High School, was a talented violinist, having participated in the Bergen Youth Orchestra as concertmaster and the Ridgewood Symphony Orchestra.[5]

Clementi had complained to his resident assistant[6] and two other officials that his roommate had spied on his sex life and videostreamed it using a webcam. He wrote in detail on the Just Us Boys message board[7] and Yahoo! message board about complaints he filed through university channels about his roommate.

His posts indicated that he did not want to share a room with Ravi. He claimed to have approached the dorm adviser and asked for a new room after learning about the first violation and then discovering Ravi invited his Twitter followers to watch a second sexual encounter. "He [the resident assistant] seemed to take it seriously," Clementi wrote in a post about 15 hours before his jump from the George Washington Bridge. He said in the posts that he also reported the incident to two unnamed "higher-ups."[2] Clementi's wallet was found on September 22 on the walkway adjacent to the George Washington Bridge's New York-bound lanes after witnesses reported seeing someone jump. His car, cell phone, and computer were also found near the bridge. Police recovered a body on September 29 in the Hudson River just north of the bridge. It was confirmed the next day that the body recovered was that of Clementi.[8]

Timeline of events
DateEvent
19 SeptemberRavi (in Wei's room) covertly views Clementi having a sexual encounter and posts about it on Twitter.[9]
21 SeptemberRavi attempts to view Clementi for a second time and invites his internet contacts to watch the video stream.[9]
22 SeptemberClementi jumps to his death from the George Washington bridge.[8]
27 SeptemberWei surrenders to the police and is released on her own recognizance.[10]
28 SeptemberRavi surrenders to the police and is released on bail. Wei and Ravi are charged with criminal offences.[10]
29 SeptemberPolice recover a body.[8]
30 SeptemberIdentity of the body is confirmed as Clementi.[8]
1 OctoberRutgers University students hold a memorial event for Clementi.[11]

While it has not yet been determined if Ravi's actions were motivated by Clementi's sexual orientation, the case has been considered illustrative of suicides among LGBT youth relating to gay bullying or harassment.[12] The Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network stated "there has been heightened media attention surrounding the suicides in New Jersey, Texas, California, Indiana, and Minnesota."[13] Notably, in the same month, Asher Brown, 13, Billy Lucas, 15, Raymond Chase, 19, and Seth Walsh, 13, committed suicide, in each case allegedly due to being taunted about their homosexuality.[14][15]

Prosecutions Edit

On September 28, 2010, the Middlesex County prosecutor's office stated that Ravi and Wei had been charged with invasion of privacy and transmitting a sexual encounter on the internet in Piscataway committed on September 19. Ravi was also charged on the same counts committed on September 21.[10]

Wei had surrendered to Rutgers police in New Brunswick on September 27, and was released the same day on her own recognizance. Ravi surrendered to Rutgers police on September 28 and was released on a $25,000 bail.[10] Prosecutors are considering whether to add bias intimidation charges as well, which would be tied to the invasion of privacy charges and could double the amount of potential prison time served by Ravi and Wei to 10 years.[16][17]

It is a fourth degree crime in New Jersey to collect or view images depicting nudity or sexual contact involving another individual without that person’s consent; it is a third degree crime to transmit or distribute such images. The penalty for conviction of a third degree offense can include a prison term of up to five years.[10] Recording a student on Rutgers campus property without their knowledge is a violation of the school's student code of conduct, and Ravi and Wei face the possibility of expulsion.[18]

On October 4, the prosecutor in the case, Bruce Kaplan stated that he did not think there would be enough evidence to charge Ravi and Wei with a hate crime.[19] On October 5, Wei's attorneys, Rubin Sinins and Eric Kahn, released a statement stating her innocence.[18] Former New Jersey federal prosecutor, Henry Klingeman, commented that "There’s no evidence of Ms. Wei doing anything. I'm very curious as to why the prosecutor is holding her responsible in any way shape or form simply because Mr. Ravi was using her computer."[19]

On October 31, further statements were released by the legal defense teams.[20] Steve Altman, Ravi’s attorney stated "Nothing was transmitted beyond one computer and what was seen was only viewed for a matter of seconds." Rubin Sinins, Wei’s attorney, stated "I’m unaware of any evidence of sexual contact. The statute defining sexual contact refers to nudity and private parts, and, to my knowledge, nothing like that was seen. I’m also unaware of any evidence that any video was recorded, reproduced or disseminated in any way."[21]

ResponseEdit

GovernmentEdit

  • New Jersey Governor Chris Christie stated that the incident was an "unspeakable tragedy ... I don't know how those two folks are going to sleep at night." The governor subsequently called for a full investigation, saying "Well, first of all, as the father of a 17-year-old, I can't imagine what those parents are feeling today—I can't."[22]
  • New Jersey General Assembly representatives Valerie Vainieri Huttle and Mary Pat Angelini made a joint statement saying that they planned to introduce a bipartisan "Anti-bullying Bill of Rights" sometime in October 2010 in response to these events.[23] In November, 2010, an anti-bullying bill was sponsored by Huttle and others was passed on a 71-1 vote in the New Jersey Assembly and a 30-0 vote in the New Jersey Senate.[24]
  • US Senator Frank Lautenberg of New Jersey stated that he intends to propose federal legislation to fund anti-harassment programs and to require schools who wish to received federal funding to establish anti-bullying procedures and codes of conduct.[25]
  • The San Diego Unified School District Board of Education unanimously approved a resolution to provide a safe environment and equal opportunities for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning students. "We are lucky we have not had a situation here in San Diego, but we don't want to have to wait (..) to have a tragedy," San Diego Board of Education President Richard Barrera stated.[26]

OtherEdit

  • Rutgers University students planned a "black Friday" event to commemorate and memorialize Tyler and Rutgers president Richard Levis McCormick stated "We grieve for him and for his family, friends and classmates as they deal with the tragic loss of a gifted young man..."[27][28]
  • In the weeks following Clementi's suicide, schools around the area that Clementi lived held vigils in memory of his death. Students at Hofstra University gathered for a candlelight vigil,[29] and students and staff at Pascack Hills High School in Bergen County, near Ridgewood, where Clementi lived wore all black, to mourn Clementi's death.[30]
  • A commemoration called "Spirit Day", first observed on October 20, 2010, was established in which people wear the color purple in a show of support for bullying victims amongst LGBT youth.[31] Clementi's suicide was a direct inspiration for establishing Spirit Day,[32][33] and the day received wide support from GLAAD, Hollywood celebrities[34] and over 1.6 million Facebook users around the world.[35][36]
  • Ellen Degeneres stated "I am devastated by the death of 18-year-old Tyler Clementi. If you don't know, Tyler was a bright student at Rutgers University whose life was senselessly cut short." She went on to advocate for gay youth to find help instead of taking their own lives: "Something must be done. This month alone, there has been a shocking number of news stories about teens who have been teased and bullied and then committed suicide; like 13-year-old Seth Walsh in Tehachapi, California; Asher Brown, 13, of Cypress, Texas; and 15-year-old Billy Lucas in Greensberg, Indiana. This needs to be a wake-up call to everyone: teenage bullying and teasing is an epidemic in this country, and the death rate is climbing."[37]
  • The Human Rights Campaign, a gay advocacy organization, released a plan aimed at increasing awareness of gay-related suicide and harassment around the country.[38]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. "Photos: Tyler Clementi; Rutgers Suicide". CBS News. 1 October 2010. http://www.cbsnews.com/2300-504083_162-10005019.html.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Jonathan Lemire, Michael J. Feeney And Larry Mcshane (1 October 2010). "He Wanted Roomie Out Rutgers Suicide Complained Of Video Voyeur Before Fatal Fall". Daily News (New York): p. 2. http://www.nydailynews.com/ny_local/2010/10/01/2010-10-01_he_wanted_roomie_out_rutgers_suicide_complained_of_video_voyeur_before_fatal_fal.html.
  3. Hu, Winnie (October 1, 2010). "Debate Over Charges in Rutgers Student’s Suicide". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/02/nyregion/02suicide.html. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
  4. Knickerbocker, Brad (October 3, 2010). "Tyler Clementi suicide: Reaction is swift and widespread". Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on 2010-10-24. http://www.webcitation.org/5tjGBAgDn. Retrieved 11 Oct 2010.
  5. Ebbels, Kelly (2010-10-01). "Tragic end for a true talent". NorthJersey.com. http://www.northjersey.com/news/104132029_Tragic_end_for_a_true_talent.html?page=all. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
  6. Judy Peet (3 October 2010). "Rutgers student Tyler Clementi's suicide spurs action across U.S.". NJ.com. http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2010/10/rutgers_student_tyler_clementi_4.html. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
  7. David Lohr Contributor (1 October 2010). "Did Tyler Clementi Reach Out for Help Before Suicide?". News.aol.ca. http://news.aol.ca/us/article/did-tyler-clementi-reach-out-for-help-before-suicide/19656181. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Tragic end for a true talent". NorthJersey.com. 1 October 2010. http://www.northjersey.com/news/104132029_Tragic_end_for_a_true_talent.html. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Geen, Jessica (September 30, 2010). "US teenager kills himself after roommate 'taped him having sex with a man'". Pink News. http://www.pinknews.co.uk/2010/09/30/us-teenager-kills-himself-after-roommate-taped-him-having-sex-with-a-man. Retrieved 2010-10-15.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 Template:Cite press release
  11. "Rutgers holds memorial for Tyler Clementi". nj.com. 2010-10-01. http://photos.nj.com/star-ledger/2010/10/rutgers_holds_memorial_for_tyl_1.html. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
  12. "It's Time to End Teenage Bullying – The Ellen DeGeneres Show". Ellen.warnerbros.com. 30 September 2010. http://ellen.warnerbros.com/2010/09/its_time_to_end_teenage_bullying_0930.php. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
  13. "GLSEN, PFLAG, The Trevor Project Release Statement on Recent Tragedies". Glsen.org. 30 September 2010. http://www.glsen.org/cgi-bin/iowa/all/news/record/2634.html. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
  14. Richard James (1 October 2010). "US gay community reeling from 'epidemic' of suicides among teenagers". Dailymail.co.uk. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1316782/US-gay-community-reeling-epidemic-suicides-teenagers.html?ITO=1490. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
  15. "Fifth Gay Teen Suicide Sparks Debate". ABC News. 2010-10-03. http://abcnews.go.com/US/gay-teen-suicide-sparks-debate/story?id=11788128. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
  16. Kaufman, Gil (1 October 2010). "Tyler Clementi's Body Identified". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1649126/20101001/story.jhtml. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
  17. Geoff Mulvihill and Samantha Henry (1 October 2010). "Bias crime charges weighed after NJ teen's suicide". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2010-10-13. http://web.archive.org/web/20101013101609/http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5i1iMYHMsNbOUJOaBvP10z2VkrP_AD9IIU83O0?docId=D9IIU83O0. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Heyboer, Kelly (October 5, 2010). "Molly Wei's lawyers say her reputation was 'unjustly tarnished' by Rutgers suicide tragedy". Star-Ledger. http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2010/10/molly_wei_claims_innocence.htmlTemplate:Inconsistent citations
  19. 19.0 19.1 Weisensee Egan, Nicole; Herbst, Diane (October 5, 2010). "Message Board Community Pays Tribute to Rutgers Student". People. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20431857,00.htmlTemplate:Inconsistent citations
  20. "We didn't put tragic classmate's gay sex session on the internet, say students who 'took secret film in his bedroom'". The Daily Mail. 1 November 2010. Archived from the original on 1 November 2010. http://www.webcitation.org/5tv9Dz3PR.
  21. Heyboer, Kelly; DiIonno, Mark (2010-10-31). "Dharun Ravi and Molly Wei saw no sexual contact in Tyler Clementi secret broadcast, lawyers say". NJ.com. http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2010/10/dharun_ravi_and_molly_wei_saw.html. Retrieved 2010-11-01.
  22. Facebook. "Gov. Christie calls Tyler Clementi's suicide an 'unspeakable tragedy'". NJ.com. http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2010/09/gov_christie_comments_on_rutge.html. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
  23. "NJ Lawmakers To Introduce Bi-Partisan “Anti-Bullying Bill Of Rights". NJToday. October 1, 2010. http://njtoday.net/2010/10/01/nj-lawmakers-to-introduce-bi-partisan-%E2%80%9Canti-bullying-bill-of-rights%E2%80%9D/. Retrieved 1 October 2010.
  24. "N.J. Assembly, Senate pass 'Anti-Bullying Bill of Rights' in wake of Tyler Clementi's death". 22 November 2010. http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2010/11/nj_assembly_passes_anti-bullyi.html. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
  25. Singleton-Rickman, Lisa (18 October 2010). "Gay bullying in the spotlight after recent string of suicides". Times Daily. http://www.timesdaily.com/article/20101018/NEWS/101019763/1004/living?Title=Gay-bullying-in-the-spotlight-after-recent-string-of-suicides. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  26. "San Diego Schools Adopt LGBT Resolution". Sandiego.com. 13 October 2010. http://www.sandiego.com/news/san-diego-schools-adopt-lgbt-resolution. Retrieved 2010-10-13.
  27. "Rutgers University to remember Tyler Clementi". NJ.com. http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2010/10/rutgers_uniersity_students_org.html. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
  28. "Rutgers President Richard L. McCormick: Reaffirming Our Values". News.rutgers.edu. 1 October 2010. http://news.rutgers.edu/medrel/statements/2010/statement-of-preside-20101001. Retrieved 2010-10-04.
  29. Lewis, Jessica (6 October 2010). "Candlelight Vigil Held in Response to Recent Suicides". Hofstrachronicle.com. http://www.hofstrachronicle.com/news/candlelight-vigil-held-in-response-to-recent-suicides-1.1670212. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
  30. "Tyler Clementi Police Report; Lawyer: Rutgers Student Innocent of Invading Tyler Clementi's Privacy". Myfoxny.com. 5 October 2010. http://www.myfoxny.com/dpp/news/local_news/new_jersey/tyler-clementi-police-report-20101005. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
  31. Wackrow, Kyle (October 10, 2010). "Spirit Day to honor recent homosexual suicide victims". Eastern Echo. http://www.easternecho.com/index.php/m/article/2010/10/spirit_day_to_honor_recent_homosexual_suicide_victims. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
  32. Potter, Chuck (October 23, 2010). "Bullies can't stand up to the power of purple". The Day (New London). http://www.theday.com/article/20101023/NWS05/310239943/-1/NWS. Retrieved October 23, 2010. "[Brittany McMillan] initiated the idea after Tyler Clementi, a student at Rutgers University, committed suicide when his roommate used a webcam (computer camera) to "broadcast" Clementi's same sex date."
  33. Johnson, Tim (October 20, 2010). "Spirit Day rallies support for gay and lesbian youths". Burlington Free Press. http://www.burlingtonfreepress.com/article/20101020/NEWS02/101020031/Spirit-Day-rallies-support-for-gay-and-lesbian-youths. Retrieved October 26, 2010. "They have included Tyler Clementi, a first-year student at Rutgers University in New Jersey who allegedly was subjected to cyber-bullying by peers. Another was Justin Aaberg, a 15-year-old in Minnesota who hanged himself in his bedroom. On a Facebook page honoring them and other victims, 1.4 million people said they would participate in Wednesday’s observance."
  34. Christ, Lindsay (October 20, 2010). "Spirit Day—the Day to Wear Purple". Long Island Press. http://www.longislandpress.com/2010/10/20/wear-purple-october-20-spirit-day-wear-purple-day/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+LongIslandPress+(Long+Island+Press. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
  35. Heussner, Ki Mae (October 20, 2010). "Spirit Day: Facebook Users Wear Purple". ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/spirit-day-facebook-users-wear-purple/story?id=11928210. Retrieved October 26, 2010. "Rallying around the cause, several Facebook groups encouraging people to wear purple have popped on the site. One of the biggest, "R.I.P. ;; In memory of the recent suicides due to gay abuse, wear purple," has attracted more than 1.6 million attendees."
  36. "Gay teens honored on Spirit Day". abs-cbnnews.com. October 20, 2010. http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/lifestyle/10/20/10/gay-teens-honored-spirit-day. Retrieved October 26, 2010. "Various Facebook event pages for Spirit Day were put up. One such page dubbed "October 20th: Spirit Day", created by Tasha Gawkowski and Malcolm Zawacki, had 67,097 people "attending" as of 12:03 p.m. on October 20. Another one titled "R.I.P.;; In memory of the recent suicides due to gay abuse, wear purple" had more than 1.5 million "attending" as of 12:22 p.m. on October 20."
  37. "It's Time to End Teenage Bullying – The Ellen DeGeneres Show". Ellen.warnerbros.com. http://ellen.warnerbros.com/2010/09/its_time_to_end_teenage_bullying_0930.php. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
  38. "Launches Alert Following Bullying-Related Suicides Around the Country". HRC. http://www.hrc.org/14938.htm. Retrieved 2010-10-01.

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