|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|
The peacekeeping child sexual abuse scandal is a series of sexual scandals involving soldiers in United Nations peacekeeping forces found to be abusing underaged girls in developing countries. It has seriously undermined the credibility of peacekeeping missions due to the fact that soldiers are consequently perceived as doing more harm than good.
Rapid increase in prostitutionEdit
1996 U.N. studyEdit
In the 1996 U.N. study The Impact of Armed Conflict on Children, former first lady of Mozambique Graça Machel documented: "In 6 out of 12 country studies on sexual exploitation of children in situations of armed conflict prepared for the present report, the arrival of peacekeeping troops has been associated with a rapid rise in child prostitution." 
Eight years later, Gita Sahgal spoke out with regard to the fact that prostitution and sex abuse crops up wherever humanitarian intervention efforts are set up. She observed: "The issue with the UN is that peacekeeping operations unfortunately seem to be doing the same thing that other militaries do. Even the guardians have to be guarded."
Child abuse by UN troops in Ivory CoastEdit
As the United Nations worked to restore peace and protect women and children in Africa's troubled Cote d'Ivoire in 2007, it announced it was investigating "serious allegations of wide-spread sexual exploitation and abuse." Shockingly, the alleged perpetrators were with the U.N.—Moroccan troops serving as peacekeepers.
A confidential probe by U.N. and Moroccan investigators turned up evidence that 14 soldiers were involved, according to a person familiar with the matter; DNA analysis showed some of them had fathered children with the victims. But the U.N. has never disclosed the results of the investigation.
Involvement in brothelsEdit
There was one highly publicised case where members of the UN peacekeeping force were accused of direct involvement in the procurement of sex slaves for a local brothel in Bosnia. The use of agents for procurement and management of brothels has allowed the military to believe itself shielded from the issue of sexual slavery and human trafficking. Some NATO troops have been linked to prostitution and forced prostitution in Bosnia and Kosovo, as have some UN employees in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where they were accused of the sexual abuse of underage girls.
Actions of a fewEdit
Proponents of peacekeeping argue that the actions of a few should not incriminate the many participants in the mission, yet NATO and the UN have come under criticism for not taking the issue of forced prostitution linked to peacekeeping missions seriously enough.
Troops in Haiti and SudanEdit
- ↑ The Impact of Armed Conflict on Children
- ↑ Sex charges haunt UN forces; In places like Congo and Kosovo, peacekeepers have been accused of abusing the people they're protecting," Christian Science Monitor, 26 November 2004, accessed 16 February 2010
- ↑ [http://online.wsj.com/article/NA_WSJ_PUB:SB10001424052748704188104575083334130312808.html U.N. Mum on Probes of Sex-Abuse Allegations 21 March 2010]
- ↑ Nato force 'feeds Kosovo sex trade'
- ↑ Bosnia: Sex Slave Recounts Her Ordeal
- ↑ Fears over Haiti child 'abuse'
- ↑ UN Staff Accused of Raping Children in Sudan