Glitter first came to prominence in the glam rock era of the early 1970s. He had a long solo UK chart run during the 1970s, with several hits including "Rock and Roll parts 1 & 2", "I Love You Love Me Love", "I'm the Leader of the Gang (I Am)" and "Hello, Hello, I'm Back Again". Between 1972 and 1995 Glitter charted twenty-six hit singles which spent a total of 180 weeks in the UK Top 100. He continued to record in the 1980s and 1990s, with his 1984 song "Another Rock N' Roll Christmas" being one of the Top 30 Christmas hits of all time. He released seven studio albums, and at least Template:Specify 15 greatest hits collections or live albums. In 1998, his recording of "Rock and Roll" was listed as one of the "Top 1001 songs in music history." The mostly instrumental "Rock and Roll, Part 2" has been played as a popular cheering song at American sporting events for several decades.
In the late 1990s, Glitter returned to public attention due to his conviction for possession of child pornography in the United Kingdom, and subsequent conviction in Vietnam for committing obscene acts with minors.
At the age of sixteen Glitter was already performing live at London clubs. His career on the London club scene grew, as he appeared at such venues as the Two I's, in Soho, and the Laconda and Safari Clubs. His repertoire consisted of early rock & roll standards and gentle ballads. He got his first break when film producer Robert Hartford Davis discovered Gadd and financed a recording session for Decca Records. At 18, he recorded his first album; under the stage name "Paul Raven" he released his first single, "Alone in the Night", in January 1960.
A year later, with a new manager, Vic Billings, he signed a new recording contract with Parlophone and worked with producer George Martin, before Martin's association with the Beatles. Martin produced two singles, "Walk on By" and "Tower of Strength", but neither sold very well and Raven's recording career reached an impasse. By 1964, while Martin's work with the Beatles was conquering the world, Raven was reduced to playing the warm-up for the British television programme Ready Steady Go!. He did numerous TV commercials and film auditions, and in the course of those activities met arranger-producer Mike Leander who eventually helped revive his career.
First, Raven joined the Mike Leander Show Band in early 1965. Then he was deputised to produce a few recording sessions by such artists as Thane Russell and a Scottish beat group, the Poets. After Leander's group disbanded, Raven formed Boston International with saxophonist John Rossall, and spent the following five years touring the UK and Germany, recording occasionally. By 1970, several singles, including "Musical Man", "Goodbye Seattle" and a version of George Harrison's "Here Comes the Sun", put Raven back into record stores. As the glam movement hit full swing in 1971, Raven took the new name Gary Glitter, which he devised by playing alliteratively with letters of the alphabet, working backwards from 'Z'. Other options included Terry Tinsel, Stanley Sparkle and Vicky Vomit. The style that would come to define Gary Glitter had taken its basic shape.
The song that at last made Gary Glitter's name and career began as a fifteen-minute jam, whittled down to a pair of three-minute extracts released as the A and B sides of a single, called "Rock and Roll, Parts One and Two". "Rock and Roll (Part Two)" would prove to be the more popular side in many countries, although it took about six months before it made its full impact, going to number two on the British pop charts and reaching the Top Ten in the United States, one of the few British glam rock records to do so. "Rock and Roll (Part One)" was also a hit: in France it made number one and in the UK both sides were listed together on the charts.
"Rock and Roll" was followed by other successes: for the next three years, Glitter, backed by the Glitter Band on stage, challenged Sweet, Slade and T.Rex for domination of the charts. To reinforce his image, he reportedly owned thirty glitter suits and fifty pairs of silver platform boots. He also released several singles which became British Top Ten hits, with "I'm the Leader of the Gang (I Am)" being his first single to reach number one in the summer of 1973, and "I Love You Love Me Love", its follow-up, his second. Even an atypical ballad, "Remember Me This Way", went to number three. He had twelve consecutive Top Ten singles, from 1972's "Rock and Roll (Parts One and Two)" to "Doing Alright With the Boys" in the summer of 1975.
"Rock and Roll (Part Two)" caught on as a popular sports anthem in North America. Often used as a goal song or celebration song, fans chanted out "Hey!" along with the chorus. In light of Glitter's court convictions (see below), some teams have stopped using the song, though it remains heavily played.
Despite his success in the UK, Glitter never made the same impact in the U.S., where, at best, glam rock was seen as a curiosity. Glitter had one more entry on the U.S charts with "I Didn't Know I Loved You (Till I Saw You Rock 'n Roll)"; after that, however, the closest chart success for Glitter was a cover recording of "I'm the Leader of the Gang" by Brownsville Station.
After "Doing Alright With the Boys", Glitter won the award for Best Male Artist at the Saturday Scene music awards hosted by LWT. His next release was a cover of the Rivingtons' rhythm and blues legend, "Papa Oom Mow Mow", but it got no higher than number 38 on the British charts. After subsequent releases stalled in similar fashion, Gary Glitter announced his retirement from music in early 1976. That same year, his first true hits package, simply titled Greatest Hits, was released. It entered the UK Top 40 best-sellers charts. A similar budget album, entitled I Love You Love Me Love, was issued by Hallmark Entertainment the following year.
Comeback and business interestsEdit
In 1976, Glitter faced drug addiction and declining record sales. He took a two year long exile, living in France and Australia, before returning to the UK, and beginning his comeback.
Glitter's career took a downturn towards the end of the 1970s, leading to his first bankruptcy (he went bankrupt a second time over unpaid tax bills in the 1990s). He was said to have begun drinking heavily, even admitting later that he pondered suicide. Under financial pressure, not even a pair of Top 40 hit singles ("It Takes All Night" and "A Little Boogie Woogie in the Back of My Mind") could lift him all the way back. It took the post-punk audience, and some of its artists who still respected Glitter's work, to do that; he had been an influence on post-punk, new wave, britpop and hair metal, as well as early punk rock itself. Around this time, Glitter settled into being a performer with a cult following that continued until his child pornography conviction in the late 1990s. This helped provide the opportunity for Glitter to cut a dance medley of his greatest hits, All That Glitters, which charted in 1981. Within three years, he was playing eighty shows a year at colleges and clubs, and had chart hits "Dance Me Up" (UK No.25) and "Another Rock N' Roll Christmas" (#7).
Glitter's comeback was boosted in the 1980s by various guest spots and collaborations, leading to his becoming a cult figure with students. In 1982 he appeared on the British Electric Foundation album Music of Quality and Distinction Volume One (UK #25) along with fellow pop/rock luminaries Sandie Shaw and Tina Turner. In 1988, the Timelords' "Doctoring the Tardis," a Doctor Who tribute that sampled "Rock and Roll (Part Two)", reached the number one spot. In due course, Glitter re-cut "Rock and Roll" with producer Trevor Horn and also "I'm the Leader of the Gang (I Am)" with Girlschool. In the late 1980s his hit singles were used to compile the Telstar-released C'mon, C'mon ... It's the Gary Glitter Party Album. In 1989, Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers put a large sample of "Another Rock and Roll Christmas" on their Number 1 UK hit "Let's Party".
In 1991 Glitter opened a restaurant in the West End of London. Glitter's Snack Bar was promoted under the slogan "Leader of the Snack". It was successful at first, but business eventually slowed and the restaurant closed in the late 1990s.
Glitter also launched his own record label in the early 1990s, Attitude Records, after he lost his deal with Virgin Records. Glitter had signed to Virgin after leaving Arista Records in 1984 after twelve years with the label. Attitude records was merged into Machmain Ltd later in the 1990s, a music company owned by Glitter.
Glitter spent the next decade mostly as an in-demand live performer, and his back catalogue of recordings proved durable enough that several compilations sold well. Glitter appeared in several humorous billboard and poster advertisements for British Rail, in one of which he was shown attempting to look younger (and quite clearly failing) in order to obtain a Young Persons Railcard. He also issued a new studio album Leader 2 in 1991 which sold reasonably well.
He was a surprise hit at the 1994 World Cup concert in Chicago, which was telecast live to forty-six countries. He played the Godfather in a 1996 revival of The Who's Quadrophenia. He also cut a single, a new version of "The House of the Rising Sun". British rock group Oasis used a sample from Glitter's 1973 chart hit, "Hello, Hello, I'm Back Again" on their 1995 multi-million-selling album (What's the Story) Morning Glory?, one of a number of acts that borrowed from his songbook.
"Rock and Roll (Part Two)" by this time was being used heavily as a crowd-rouser at numerous sporting events, and it was featured in the hit films The Full Monty, Happy Gilmore, Meet the Fockers and The Replacements with Keanu Reeves.
Career moves since 2000Edit
In 2002, Snapper records re-promoted The Ultimate Gary Glitter, a two-CD anthology of Glitter's music first issued in 1997, days after his arrest (see below), which covers his commercial breakthrough in 1972 up to that point; again it was moderately successful.
In September 2001 he released a new album, On, that included material written before his 1999 British conviction. That material was to have been part of a project called Lost on Life Street until that album's release was cancelled following his arrest. By December 2004, after releasing a new single, "Control", Glitter was in the news again concerning his behaviour; NGOs had been petitioning the government with their own evidence aimed at arresting Glitter. Glitter moved to Vietnam.
In 2005 Remember Me This Way, the documentary filmed at Glitter's career peak in 1973 (and originally released in 1974), was issued for the first time on DVD. Glitter's music itself still had an audience, further demonstrated by three new album releases, although all of them contained past recordings from the vaults, rather than new product. The first two new albums were issued at the same time, The Remixes and Live in Concert (the latter of which was a 1981 recording). These were only for sale on the Internet. A new collection of Glitter's chart hit singles followed, The Best of Gary Glitter. In 2006 his back catalogue was made available via the Internet from sites such as iTunes and eMusic.
Influence on other musicians Edit
- Mark E. Smith was a Glitter fan. "I was really into Gary Glitter, and I used to get bad-mouthed for it. It was like 'You've got to be into David Bowie or Yes - Gary Glitter's just tripe'. And I was going 'It's fuckin' great. It's avant-garde... Well, two drummers and all that - it was really percussive. It was the only decent thing around", The Fall frontman said in 1993, speaking to NME.
- "Glam was fairly good at the time; also it was almost all we had. It could look ridiculous but musically it was often alright. Sometimes when you listen back bits of it sound quite punk. I liked Gary Glitter, Hello, Slade; they were all laying the roots to punk. Some of Bowie and Lou Reed were very good and Bolan of course. I suppose it had a bit of influence, but not a lot." Knox from the Vibrators citing glam rock acts, including Glitter, as an influence on punk.
Paul Francis Gadd was born in Banbury, Oxfordshire. His mother, a cleaner, was unmarried, and initially brought him up with the help of her mother; he never knew his father. He was hard to control and at the age of 10, along with his brother, he was taken into local authority care. Although a Protestant, he was educated at a Roman Catholic school. He would frequently run away to London, to the clubs that would be the launching ground of his career.
In July 1963, Gadd married Ann Murton. The following year they had a son, also called Paul, and in 1966 a daughter, Sarah. The marriage broke down in 1970 and they were divorced in 1972. In February 2001, he had another son, Gary Jr, with Yudenia Sosa Martínez, born 1973, with whom he was then living in Cuba.
During the 1980s, Glitter gained three convictions for drink-driving, one of which led to a ten-year driving ban, narrowly escaping a prison term.
Child pornography arrest and convictionEdit
In November 1997, Glitter was arrested after pornographic images of children were discovered on the hard drive of a Toshiba laptop that he had taken to the Bristol Cribbs Causeway branch of PC World for repair. As a result, he was castigated in both US and UK media over the allegations. Additionally, his appearance in the Spice Girls' film Spiceworld The Movie was cut. Nevertheless, a truncated edit of the scene, featuring a version of Glitter's "I'm the Leader of the Gang (I Am)", was still included in the film. In the months before his conviction, he thanked audiences for their support at his last show before his trial.
In 1999, Glitter returned to the public eye when he was sentenced to four months imprisonment and listed as a sex offender in the UK following conviction for downloading thousands of items of child pornography.
He was also charged with having sex with an underage girl, Alison Brown, around twenty years earlier, when she was 14 years old. Glitter was acquitted of this charge after it emerged that Brown had sold her story to the News of the World and stood to earn more money from the newspaper on Glitter's conviction.
Following a rejection by the British public and facing scrutiny from the press following his arrest and conviction, Gary Glitter fled on his yacht to Spain. Upon being discovered there, he set sail again, ultimately travelling to Gibraltar, Cuba, Mexico, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Colombia, Portugal, Brazil, Venezuela, and Thailand, before settling in Cambodia.
Vietnam underage sex convictionEdit
From March 2005, Glitter resided in Vũng Tàu, Vietnam. In late 2005, at age 61, Gary Glitter was arrested by Vietnamese authorities and charged with molesting two under-aged girls, aged 10 and 11, at his home in Vũng Tàu. He initially faced possible child rape charges carrying the death penalty, but prosecutors did not find enough evidence for those charges, so Glitter was instead tried for lesser child sexual abuse charges. Early in 2006, he was convicted of committing obscene acts with minors and sentenced to three years imprisonment. On one of two appeals, in 2007 this was reduced by three months. He was released from prison on 19 August 2008 and returned to London three days later, after being refused entry into Thailand and Hong Kong.
Arrest and trialEdit
Despite having applied for permanent residence in Vietnam, Gary Glitter fled his home on 12 November 2005. Three days later, he was arrested in Ho Chi Minh City while trying to board a flight to Thailand. Six Vietnamese females, aged from 11 to 23, claimed that Glitter had had sex with them; the age of consent in Vietnam is eighteen.
After his arrest, Glitter was turned over to provincial police from Ba Ria-Vung Tau and returned to Vung Tau and held on suspicion of having sex with the two under-age girls. Glitter was held in jail throughout the criminal investigation, which was completed on 26 December 2005. The charge of rape was dropped for "lack of evidence" (according to Glitter's lawyer), although the singer admitted that an eleven-year-old girl had slept in his bed. Glitter could have faced execution by firing squad if convicted of child rape. After having received compensatory payments from Glitter, the families of the girls appealed to the courts for clemency for him.
On 2 March 2006 Glitter was tried on charges of committing obscene acts with two girls, aged 10 and 11, facing up to 14 years in prison if convicted. The following day he was found guilty and sentenced to three years in prison. He was also forced to pay compensation of $320 to each girl's family, as well as court fees. Judge Hoang Thanh Tung: "He sexually abused and committed obscene acts with children many times in a disgusting and sick manner."
The sentence included mandatory deportation at the end of his sentence, and payment of 5 million Vietnamese dong (US$315) to his victims' families. Glitter continued to deny any wrongdoing, saying he believes he was framed by British tabloid newspapers. He announced he planned to spend part of his sentence writing an autobiography, which he had already begun during his pre-trial.
Glitter, in his first interview in more than eight years to BBC News in May 2006, denied any wrong-doing and claimed not to have knowingly had sex with anyone under 18. He also said "I know the line [not] to cross". When asked what he thought of adults having sex with children he said "It certainly is a crime ... I would be very angry about that." Christine Beddoe, director of End Child Prostitution, Pornography and Trafficking, criticised Glitter and said he was trying to "minimise what he has done" and added "We must allow children to tell their story and not just have the words of Gadd."
In his interview, Glitter denied he was a paedophile. He said he had hoped that there was even a slim chance he could put his life back on track and have a career after he left prison in England. However, the people around him felt that the media had already made a sensation about the paedophile allegations. He continued to blame the press for his downfall and called them "the worst enemy in the world", alleging 'entrapment' by them by paying local girls in a bar to arrange a photo-scoop. Glitter did not comment about his previous conviction for possession of child pornography several years earlier.
On 15 June 2006, in a closed hearing, the People's Supreme Court of Appeals heard Glitter's appeal for a reduced sentence. The three-judge panel rejected the appeal four weeks later. Although he was calm throughout the 40-minute reading of the verdict, upon leaving the courthouse, he shouted angrily to reporters and denounced Vietnamese justice for not hearing the defence arguments. On 7 February 2007, it was announced that his sentence had been reduced by three months. In anticipation of his release, the Philippines barred Glitter from entering that country as of 16 May 2008.
Glitter's Vietnamese lawyer, Le Thanh Kinh, said that his client intended to return to the UK, although he had also expressed interest in moving to either Hong Kong or Singapore. In the UK it was reported that he would be placed on the Sex Offenders Register on his return. British Home Secretary Jacqui Smith said he should be given a Foreign Travel Order (FTO) banning him from overseas travel: "We need to control him, and he will be [controlled] once he returns to this country."
Glitter was released from Thu Duc prison in southern Binh Thuan Province on 19 August 2008. He was escorted under police guard to Tan Son Nhat Airport in Ho Chi Minh City and put on board a flight to London via Bangkok. At Bangkok he claimed that he had tinnitus and a heart condition, and refused to board the flight to London despite the efforts of British police sent to escort him, although they had no jurisdiction to take action. He was refused entry to Thailand and threatened with deportation to the UK. On the evening of 20 August he took a flight to Hong Kong, where he requested medical treatment saying he was suffering a heart attack. However the Hong Kong authorities also refused to admit him and he returned to Thailand the next day.
At least nineteen countries, including Cuba, Cambodia and the Philippines, announced that they would refuse to admit Glitter, and on 21 August the Thai authorities stated that he had agreed to return to the UK. He arrived back in the UK at Heathrow Airport at 7:10 am on 22 August 2008, where he was met by British police officers.
On his return to the United Kingdom, Glitter was ordered to sign the Sex Offenders Register for life, and stated an intention to appeal against this decision; on 16 January 2009, however, it was announced that he had abandoned this move.
Snatched photos of Glitter, along with details about where he is living, continue to appear in the UK press intermittently, accompanied by hostile editorial.
Plans after prison releaseEdit
On 25 June 2008 the Daily Telegraph reported that Gary Glitter planned to record a new album on his prison release. He is quoted as saying "I have an incomplete album that I want to finish. I have been thinking about the plan during my days in jail, I have sung rock'n'roll for forty years. After jail, I will continue to rock'n'roll." After his release from prison, Glitter said that he was planning to write a book to prove his innocence.
On 20 January 2008, the News of the World reported that the singer had suffered a severe heart attack. These reports were denied, although it was confirmed that he had been diagnosed with heart problems.
"Glitter was admitted to our hospital with acute diarrhoea," said Nguyen Huu Quang, the director of the hospital in Binh Thuan Province, near the prison where the singer was serving out his sentence. "While we were treating him, we found out that he also has a cardiovascular disorder."
In November 2009, the UK's Channel 4 showed a drama (or 'mockumentary') called The Execution of Gary Glitter. Set in an imaginary Britain in which the death sentence has been re-introduced, the drama examines the possible consequences of capital punishment when Glitter is put on trial as a paedophile under imagined Capital Crimes Against Children legislation. The drama was written by Rob Coldstream and starred Hilton McRae as Glitter.
During his long career as a singer, Gary Glitter undertook many tours to various venues around the world. His first tour was of the Middle East, as Paul Raven and the Boston International in 1967. He toured amongst other places, Cyprus, Jordan, Lebannon, Turkey and Armenia. In 1973, Glitter undertook a world tour to celebrate his new found fame as a leading artist in world music. He toured Europe, Scandanavia, Australia, and New Zealand. He continued to tour until 1976, and his retirement from music, he visited Australia some twenty times, and toured Europe and America several times.
During his comeback period of the 1980s, he did less tours, and mainly toured Britain. However he did shows in Ireland, Germany, France, America and Bahrain. During the 1990s, he toured America several times, finally gaining the significant popularity he sought in the 1970s. In 1995, he undertook his last major tour, he visited Dubai, Abu Dahbi, Bangkok and Singapore. It is unclear if he toured Japan or India, but this was an intention. His last tour was in 1996, when he toured with The Who across America.
During his controversial residence in Vietnam, he sang local bars and clubs in Vung Tau.
Template:Infobox artist discography The discography of Gary Glitter displayed below is not complete, and it is a selective overview.
- (1972) Glitter #8 UK; #2 Australia - Re-issued 2009 on Airmail records AIRAC-1492
- (1973) Touch Me #2 UK; #2 Australia - Re-issued 2009 on Airmail records AIRAC-1493
- (1975) G. G. - Re-issued 2009 on Airmail records AIRAC-1495
- (1977) Silver Star - Re-issued 2009 on Airmail records AIRAC-1496
- (1984) Boys Will Be Boys
- (1991) Leader 2
- (2001) On
- (1974) Remember Me This Way #5 UK (live/soundtrack); #8 Australia - Re-issued 2009 on Airmail records AIRAC-1494
- (1988) Gary Glitter's Gangshow: The Gang, the Band, the Leader
- (1990) Live and Alive
- (2005) Live in Concert
- (1976) Greatest Hits #33 UK
- (1977) I Love You Love Me Love
- (1979) Always Yours
- (1980) Leader
- (1981) Golden Greats
- (1987) C'mon, C'mon ... It's the Gary Glitter Party Album
- (1992) Many Happy Returns #35 UK
- (1995) 20 Greatest Hits
- (1997) The Ultimate Gary Glitter (also known as 25 Years of Hits) #112 UK
- (1998) Rock and Roll - Gary Glitters Greatest Hits
- (2003) The Early Years
- (2005) The Remixes
- (2006) The Best of Gary Glitter
- 1972 "Rock and Roll (Parts 1 and 2)" #2 UK; #7 U.S.; #1 France; #1 Australia; #4 Ireland; #7 Netherlands; #4 Germany; #3 Canada; #4 Switzerland
- 1972 "I Didn't Know I Loved You (Til I Saw You Rock 'n' Roll)" #4 UK; #35 U.S.; #5 Ireland; #19 Netherlands; #12 Germany; #3 France
- 1973 "Do You Wanna Touch Me? (Oh Yeah)" #2 UK; #3 Australia; #9 Ireland; #4 Netherlands; #16 Germany; #7 France
- 1973 "Hello, Hello, I'm Back Again" #2 UK; #6 Australia; #2 Ireland; #22 Netherlands; #10 Germany; #8 France
- 1973 "I'm the Leader of the Gang (I Am)" #1 UK; #2 Australia; #2 Ireland; #12 Netherlands; #6 Germany; #9 France; #6 Norway
- 1973 "I Love You Love Me Love" #1 UK; #2 Australia; #2 Ireland; #10 Netherlands; #8 Germany; #9 France; #4 Norway; #6 Austria
- 1974 "Remember Me This Way" #3 UK; #9 Ireland; #50 Germany; #31 Australia
- 1974 "Always Yours" #1 UK; #11 Australia; #1 Ireland; #14 Germany
- 1974 "Oh Yes! You're Beautiful" #2 UK; #10 Australia; #1 Ireland; #28 Germany
- 1975 "Love Like You and Me" #10 UK; #11 Ireland
- 1975 "Doing Alright with the Boys" #6 UK; #3 Ireland
- 1975 "Papa-Oom-Mow-Mow" #38 UK; #20 Ireland; #9 France
- 1976 "You Belong to Me" #40 UK
- 1977 "It Takes All Night Long" #25 UK; #19 Netherlands
- 1977 "A Little Boogie Woogie in the Back of Mind" #31 UK
- 1977 "I Dare You To Lay One On Me" / "Hooked On Hollywood"
- 1978 "Oh What a Fool I've Been" / "365 Days (Hurry on Home)"
- 1979 "Superhero"
- 1980 Gary Glitter EP #57 UK
- 1980 "When I'm On, I'm On"
- 1980 "What Your Mama Don't See" #23 UK Independent Chart
- 1981 "All That Glitters" #48 UK
- 1981 "And Then She Kissed Me" #39 UK
- 1982 "Dedicated Man" (Australia only)
- 1982 "Ball Of Confusion/Suspicious Minds"
- 1984 "Dance Me Up" #25 UK; #25 Ireland
- 1984 "Shout Shout Shout"
- 1984 "Another Rock n' Roll Christmas" #7 UK; #14 Ireland
- 1985 "Love Comes" #91 UK (charted for 3 weeks)
- 1985 "Rock'N'Roll/ Oh No, Im not just a Pretty Face #31 UK Independent Chart
- 1985 "Mega Star Disc"
- 1987 "Rock & Roll Part 3" #107 UK
- 1987 "Gary Glitter & Girlschool - I'm the Leader of the Gang" #12 Australia
- 1988 "Frontiers of Style"
- 1989 "Mega Glitter Rock A Live - Be Bop A Lula/Rock'n'Roll Pt.1/"
- 1990 "Red Hot (Reputation)" #87 UK (charted for 1 month)
- 1991 "Ready to Rock"
- 1992 "Rock On" #58 UK
- 1992 "Through the Years" #49 UK
- 1995 "Hello, Hello I'm Back Again (Again!)" #50 UK
- 1996 "House of the Rising Sun" #15 NZ; #81 UK
- 2001 "You" fan club single - mail order only
- 2004 "Control" fan club single - mail order only
- 2005 "Field of Dreams" fan club single - mail order only
- 1974 "I'm the Leader of the Gang" by Brownsville Station #48 U.S.
- 1980 Holiday 80 EP by The Human League (includes cover of "Rock and Roll" as part of a medley with Iggy Pop's "Nightclubbing")
- 1982 "Rock N' Roll Part 2" covered by hardcore punk band D.I.
- 1983 "I Didn't Know I Loved You (Til I Saw You Rock 'n' Roll)" by Rock Goddess
- 1983 "I Didn't Know I Loved You (Til I Saw You Rock 'n' Roll)" by Planet Patrol R&B/Hip-Hop Singles Chart #62 U.S.
- 1984 "Do You Wanna Touch Me" by Joan Jett and the Blackhearts #20 U.S.
- 1987 "A Little Boogie Woogie (In the Back of My Mind)" Shakin' Stevens UK No. 12
- 1988 "KLF - Doctorin' the Tardis" by The Timelords Featuring Gary Glitter No. 1 UK (features samples of "Rock and Roll (Parts 1 and 2)")
- 1989 "Let's Party" Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers UK No. 1 (features a sample of Glitter's "Another Rock 'N Roll Christmas")
- 1989 "Rock N' Roll" by the Undertones, cover of Rock N' Roll (Part 1), The Peel Sessions Album (Undertones)
- 1993 "I'm the Leader of the Gang" Hulk Hogan with Green Jelly UK No. 25
- 1995 "Hello" by Oasis (uses elements of and quotes the chorus of "Hello, Hello, I'm Back Again")
TV and film appearancesEdit
- (1972) "Top of the Pops" UK (8 episodes, (1972–1974)
- (1973) "Tarde para todos" (1 episode July, 1973)
- (1973) Russell Harty (TV show) – also featuring Edna O'Brien, Miss World
- (1973) "Crackerjack!" .... Himself. (1 episode, 1973) - Episode #17.1
- (1974) "Iltatähti" - Episode dated 13 April 1974
- (1974) Remember Me This Way cinema film, documenting Glitter's 1973 Christmas tour, issued on DVD in 2005.
- (1974) Russell Harty (TV show) – also featuring Lauren Bacall, Michael Aspel
- (1974) The Real Don Steele TV Show U.S.A Special guest Star
- (1974) "Rock on with 45" David 'Kid' Jensen pop show from Manchester, featuring hit-makers of the day.
- (1975) Supersonic – also featuring Alvin Stardust, Mud
- (1976) Russell Harty (TV show) – also featuring Georgie Fame, Diana Ross
- (1977) Pop at the Mill – also featuring Joe Brown
- (1977) "Tiswas" – fifth show of the fourth series, with other guest Eddie Kidd
- (1978) The Rocky Horror Show - Frank N Furter
- (1980) Live at The Rainbow – VHS release of Glitter concert performance, issued on DVD in 2006
- (1981) BBC Radio's Desert Island Discs
- (1981) The Gerry Cottles Gary Glitter Rock and Roll Circus
- (1982) "The Tube"
- (1983) Heinz Soup Commercial Glitter in a humorous commercial for Heinz lentil soup. Features a voice-over by Alan Freeman.
- (1983) Russell Harty – also featuring Irene Handl, Professor Keith Simpson
- (1983–1984) "Pop Quiz" (two episodes)
- (1984) "Surprise, Surprise" (one episode)
- (1986) "Roland Rat: The Series" .... Himself
- (1986) "Saturday Scene"... with Girlschool, performing Leader of the Gang
- (1987)Alas Smith and Jones – special guest star
- (1987) "Super Gran" .... Newcastle Brown (one episode)
- (1987) "Old Grey Whistle Test"
- (1987) "The Last Resort" – Jonathan Ross (Host), Episode 12
- (1988) "Wogan Show" – guest
- (1988) "That was when... This is Now"
- (1988) "How To Be Cool" (kids' TV show), as Larry Larkin, a seedy TV producer
- (1988) "The Timelords"
- (1988) "Top of the Pops"
- (1989) "Children in Need" [2 Parts]
- (1989) "Gary Glitter's Gang Show" – VHS – live at Manchester's Apollo Theatre in December 1988
- (1989) Sue Lawley UK chat show Guest & performing 'Be Bop A Lula'
- (1990) "Jim'll Fix It"
- (1991) Slice Of Saturday Night, Eric
- (1991) "Pebble Mill" episode 4
- (1992) "Wogan Show" – guest
- (1992) "This Morning Richard and Judy" Guest
- (1992) "Trading Places"
- (1992) "The Gary Glitter Story" – VHS – featuring interviews and live footage
- (1992) "Gary Glitter - Live" - Rock 'n' Roll's Greatest Show – recorded live in Sheffield
- (1992) This Is Your Life Glitter is presented the big red book by Michael Aspel in a show honouring him for 30 years in showbusiness.
- (1990s) The Leader Talks – hosting his own chat show
- (1994) "Top Ten Glam Rock Stars" and Channel 4, UK - performer
- (1994) "Children in Need" [2 Parts] – performer
- (1994) "The Clothes Show" - Guest
- (1994) "Top of the Pops" – special guest presenter and performer, 22 December
- (1995) "Top of the Pops" – special guest presenter and performer, 7 December
- (1996) "Top of the Pops" – special guest presenter and performer, 6 December
- (1996) Clive Anderson All Talk, chat show guest
- (1996) MasterCard Masters of Music Concert for the Prince's Trust Live performance.
- (1997) Spice World, Spice Girls film. A cameo recorded by Glitter cut following his arrest in November 1997. However the song "I'm the Leader of the Gang (I Am)" was retained.
Glitter also made regular appearances on many other TV shows, including: Top of the Pops (1970s - 1990s), Supersonic (1970s), TV-am (1980s) and GMTV (1990s). His music has also been used in many commercials, TV shows and films[clarification needed].
- Glitter, Gary Leader: The Autobiography of Gary Glitter (Ebury Press, 1991). ISBN 0-85223-977-7.
- ↑ "nndb.com". http://www.nndb.com/people/600/000022534/. Retrieved 30 Jul. 2009.
- ↑ http://web.researcha.com/iccquery/detail/?did=8034677&c=uk
- ↑ Gary Glitter at the Internet Movie Database
- ↑ "polyhex.com UK Singles Chart runs". http://www.polyhex.com/music/chartruns/chartruns.php/chartruns.php. Retrieved 18 Jun. 2007.
- ↑ Dave Simpson (14 December 2006). "Christmas without Glitter?". The Guardian (London). http://blogs.guardian.co.uk/music/2006/12/christmas_without_glitter.html. Retrieved 18 Jun. 2007.
- ↑ The Heart of Rock & Soul. http://books.google.com/books?id=bHWL2eWgjaYC&pg=PA539&lpg=PA539&dq=gary+glitter+1001&source=bl&ots=txv4LMCV7D&sig=9U7gXCRInoubXYUwt9LKH_WWUtc&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=4&ct=result. Retrieved 31 Jan. 2009.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 "Glitter jailed over child porn". BBC News. 12 November 1999. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/517604.stm. Retrieved 18 Jun. 2007.
- ↑ Thompson, Dave "[[[:Template:Allmusic]] Gary Glitter Biography]", Allmusic, Macrovision Corporation
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 Low, Valentine (21 August 2008). "Nowhere to call home". The Times (London). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article4573311.ece. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- ↑ Profile: Gary Glitter BBC News
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 AP, "Vietnamese Complete Probe of Gary Glitter" Yahoo! entertainment news (27 December 2005)
- ↑ Gary Glitter's influence on punk is pointed out here.
- ↑ http://www.sugarbuzzmagazine.com/bands/vibrators/vibrators.html " Glam was fairly good at the time; also it was almost all we had. It could look ridiculous but musically it was often alright. Sometimes when you listen back bits of it sound quite punk. I liked Gary Glitter, Hello, Slade; they were all laying the roots to punk. Some of Bowie and Lou Reed were very good and Bolan of course. I suppose it had a bit of influence, but not a lot. " Knox from the Vibrators citing glam rock acts, including Glitter, as an influence on punk.
- ↑ "Gary Glitter Album Download". VH1. http://www.vh1.com/artists/az/glitter_gary/958559/album.jhtml.
- ↑ John Harris. "Mark E. Moan". NME, p. 32-33. http://www.visi.com/fall/gigography/93apr03.html. Retrieved 2010-10-13.
- ↑ Drummond, Andrew; Greenhill, Sam (21 August 2008). "Glitter in limbo". Daily Mail (UK). http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/worldnews/article-1046636/Glitter-limbo-Rejected-Vietnam-Thailand-Hong-Kong---pop-pervert-face-British-justice.html.
- ↑ Stocks, Amanda (19 December 1999). "Get Me More Porn". Sunday Mirror. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4161/is_19991219/ai_n14496833.
- ↑ "Emotional Glitter speaks of 'regret'". BBC News. 11 January 2000. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/598689.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- ↑ Glitter's conviction for drink driving BBC News.
- ↑ "Press warned over witness payments". BBC News. 5 December 1999. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/550343.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- ↑ "Gary Glitter arrested in Vietnam". BBC News. 19 November 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4451992.stm. Retrieved 18 Jun. 2007.
- ↑ "Glitter deported from Cambodia". BBC News. 7 January 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/2635489.stm. Retrieved 18 Jun. 2007.
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 Joel Roberts (3 March 2006). "Gary Glitter Sentenced To 3 Years". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2006/03/03/entertainment/main1364881.shtml.
- ↑ "Glitter 'had sex with girl, 12'". BBC NEWS. 21 November 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4454486.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- ↑ 25.0 25.1 "Glitter police 'drop rape charge'". BBC NEWS. 26 December 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4559658.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- ↑ Joel Roberts (3 March 2006). "Gary Glitter Sentenced To 3 Years". CBSnews.com. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2006/03/03/entertainment/main1364881.shtml. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
- ↑ "Glitter charged with obscene acts". BBC NEWS Asia-Pacific. 6 January 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4586460.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- ↑ "Gary Glitter abuse trial opens". The Guardian (London). 2 March 2006. http://www.guardian.co.uk/crime/article/0,,1721528,00.html. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- ↑ "Glitter jailed for 'obscene' child abuse". The Independent (London). 3 March 2006. http://news.independent.co.uk/world/asia/article348996.ece. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- ↑ "Glitter jailed for abusing girls". BBC NEWS Asia-Pacific. 3 March 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4769164.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- ↑ "Gary Glitter Sentenced to Three Years for 'Obscene Acts' in Vietnam". Fox News. 3 March 2006. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,186689,00.html.
- ↑ 32.0 32.1 "Gary Glitter denies abusing girls". BBC NEWS Asia-Pacific. 2 May 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4964292.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- ↑ "Glitter sex abuse appeal rejected". BBC NEWS Asia-Pacific. 15 June 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/5082642.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- ↑ "Glitter loses child molestation conviction appeal". breakingnews.ie. 15 June 2006. http://www.breakingnews.ie/2006/06/15/story263433.html.
- ↑ "British rocker Glitter’s appeal trial postponed to early June". Viet Nam News. 18 May 2006. Archived from the original on 18 Jun 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060618141059/http://vietnamnews.vnagency.com.vn/showarticle.php?num=01CAS180506.
- ↑ "Appeals court to take Gary Glitter case in June". MSNBC. http://msnbc.msn.com/id/13048671/.
- ↑ "Gary Glitter's appeal rejected". tvnz.co.nz. http://tvnz.co.nz/view/page/411319/750839.
- ↑ "Glitter child abuse sentence cut". BBC NEWS. 7 February 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/6337867.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- ↑ Karen Bale (16 May 2008). "Philippines bans paedophile Gary Glitter as he prepares to leave Vietnamese jail". The Daily Record. http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/uk-world-news/2008/05/16/philippines-bans-paedophile-gary-glitter-as-he-prepares-to-leave-vietnamese-jail-86908-20419052/.
- ↑ "Rock star sex offender released". RTHK. 19 July 2008,. http://www.rthk.org.hk/rthk/news/englishnews/news.htm?main&20080819&56&515555.
- ↑ "Paedophile rock star flies into Hong Kong". SCMP. 21 August 2008. http://www.scmp.com/portal/site/SCMP/menuitem.2af62ecb329d3d7733492d9253a0a0a0/?vgnextoid=e5a26c44cb0eb110VgnVCM100000360a0a0aRCRD&ss=Hong+Kong&s=News. (subscription only)
- ↑ "Gary Glitter flown out of Vietnam". BBC News. 19 August 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/7569348.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- ↑ "'Heart attack' halts Glitter trip". BBC News. 19 August 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7571429.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- ↑ "Gary Glitter returns to Thailand". BBC News. 21 August 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/7573812.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- ↑ "Glitter refused Hong Kong entry". BBC News. 20 August 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7572477.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- ↑ "Gary Glitter 'will fly to London'". BBC News. 21 August 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/7573812.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- ↑ "Gary Glitter to sign sex register". BBC News. 22 August 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7573812.stm. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- ↑ "Glitter drops sex register appeal". BBC News Online. 16 January 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7833963.stm. Retrieved 16 Jan. 2009.
- ↑ "Gary Glitter in Disguise". News of the World. http://www.newsoftheworld.co.uk/news/765468/GARY-GLITTER-IN-DISGUISE.html.
- ↑ Smith, Laura (25 June 2008). "Gary Glitter plans career relaunch". Daily Telegraph (London). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/celebritynews/2187463/Gary-Glitter-plans-career-relaunch.html. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- ↑ Drummond, Andrew; Greenhill, Sam (21 August 2008). "Glitter in limbo". Daily Mail (UK). http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/worldnews/article-1046636/Glitter-limbo-Rejected-Vietnam-Thailand-Hong-Kong---pop-pervert-face-British-justice.html.
- ↑ "Breaking News". Bangkok Post. http://www.bangkokpost.com/breaking_news/breakingnews.php?id=125329.
- ↑  The Execution of Gary Glitter on the Channel 4 website
- ↑ "search form: „Gary Glitter"". everyhit.com. http://www.everyhit.com/.
- ↑ Joel Whitburn: The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits. 7th ed. Billboard Books, New York 2000, ISBN 0-8230-7690-3, P. 266.
- ↑ Günter Ehnert (ed.): Hit-Bilanz, Deutsche Chart Singles 1956-1980. Taurus-Press, Hamburg 1990, ISBN 3-922542-24-7, P. 86.
- ↑ "Gary Glitter". hitparade.ch,. http://hitparade.ch/showitem.asp?interpret=Gary+Glitter&titel=Rock+And+Roll+Part+2%21&cat=s.
- Profile: Gary Glitter BBC News
- Gary Glitter at the Internet Movie Database
- Glitter Jailed Over Child Porn - BBC News, 12 November 1999
- Police Search for Gary Glitter in Vietnam — AP News 17 November 2005
- I am the Leader of the Gary Glitter Gang, actually … by John Battles
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