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Abuse by members of Roman Catholic orders

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As distinct from abuse by some parish priests, who are subject to diocesan control, there has also been abuse by members of Roman Catholic orders, which often care for the sick or teach at school.[1][2] While diocesan clergy have arranged parish transfers of abusive priests, so also the Orders' members have been found to relocate abusive Brothers to other places.

AustraliaEdit

Congregation of Christian BrothersEdit

In Australia, there were allegations that during the 1970s sexual abuses took place at the junior campus of St Patricks College and St Alipius Primary School (now closed) in Ballarat, Victoria. After investigation, Brothers Robert Best, Edward Dowlan and Stephen Francis Farrell were all convicted of sex crimes. Dowlan and Best were later transferred to the senior campus, and continued to offend.[3] [4]

Marist BrothersEdit

In Sligo, County Sligo, St. John's School had five teachers who have faced abused charges, of which three were Marist Brothers. In January 2008 "Brother Gregory" (real name Martin Meaney) admitted to abusing a boy 20 or 30 times in a four-month period in 1972, apologized unreservedly and was sentenced on five sample charges to two years imprisonment. He described the boy as "a weak little lad", and told police he had "picked on children who were not getting love at home". Meaney had previously served 12 years of an original 18 year jail sentence imposed in November 1992 where he admitted eight sample charges of buggery, rape and indecent assault on other boys, out of 109 charges. These charges arose when he was teaching at Castlerea, County Roscommon.[5]

Salesian orderEdit

In Australia, there are allegations that the Salesians moved a priest convicted of abuse in Melbourne to Samoa to avoid further police investigation and charges.[6][7]

In August 2008, the Salesian head in Australia, Fr Frank Moloney SDB, apologised to victims of a former priest Paul Evans convicted of a series of offences. Evans was a Salesian priest when the offences occurred at Boys' Town in Sydney in the 1980s. He was legally and canonically removed from the Order in 1991[8].

BelgiumEdit

Congregation of the Fratres Van DaleEdit

On 14 November 2005, former religious brothers Luc D. and Roger H. of the Congregation of the Fratres Van Dale were sentenced by a Belgian court to imprisonment for sexual abuse of mentally handicapped persons.[9]

CanadaEdit

Congregation of Christian BrothersEdit

The Congregation of Christian Brothers has been tainted by various scandals that occurred in the 20th century, especially at the Mount Cashel Orphanage in Newfoundland and in state-sponsored institutions that they ran in Ireland.

ChileEdit

Society of JesusEdit

The Jesuits have also been affected by abuse affairs in several of their schools and congregations in the United States and Germany. The same abusive teacher in Germany had been guilty of similar crimes in Jesuit schools in Chile and Spain.[10]

GermanyEdit

Society of JesusEdit

The Jesuits have also been affected by abuse affairs in several of their schools and congregations in the United States and Germany.[11][12]

IrelandEdit

From the 1930s up until the early 1990s, approximately 35,000 Irish children and teenagers who were orphans, petty thieves, truants, unmarried mothers or from dysfunctional families were sent to a network of 250 Church-run industrial schools, reformatories, orphanages and hostels.

In the 1990s, a series of television programs publicized allegations of systemic abuse in Ireland's Catholic-run childcare system, primarily in the Reformatory and Industrial Schools. The abuse occurred primarily between the 1930s and 1970s. These documentaries included "Dear Daughter", "Washing Away the Stain" and "Witness: Sex in a Cold Climate and Sinners".[13][14] These programs interviewed adult victims of abuse who provided "testimony of their experiences, they documented Church and State collusion in the operation of these institutions, and they underscored the climate of secrecy and denial that permeated the church response when faced with controversial accusations." The topic was also covered by American broadcast media. Programs such as CBS’s 60 Minutes and ABC’s 20/20 produced segments on the subject for an Irish-American audience.[14]

In 1999, a documentary film series titled "States of Fear" which detailed abuse suffered by Irish children between the 1930s and 1970s in the state childcare system, primarily in the Reformatory and Industrial Schools.

Report of the Irish Commission to Inquire into Child AbuseEdit

A lengthy report detailing cases of emotional, physical and sexual abuse of thousands of children over 70 years was published on 20 May 2009. The report drew on the testimony of nearly 2,000 witnesses, men and women who attended more than 200 Catholic-run schools from the 1930s until the 1990s.

As per 2002 agreement between the victims on one side and the Catholic brothers and Irish government on other side, all those who accepted the state/Brothers settlements, had to waive their right to sue both the church and the government. Their abusers' identities are also kept secret.


Ireland's national police force announced that they would study the report to see if it provided any new evidence for prosecuting clerics for assault, rape or other criminal offenses. The report, however, did not identify any abusers by name because of a right-to-privacy lawsuit by the Christian Brothers order.

Shamed by the extent, length, and cruelty of child abuse, Ireland's Prime Minister Brian Cowen apologized to victims for the government's failure to intervene in endemic sexual abuse and severe beatings in schools for much of the 20th century. He also promised to reform the Ireland's social services for children in line with the recommendations of the Commission to Inquire into Child Abuse report [15]. Further motions to start criminal investigation against members of Roman Catholic religious orders in Ireland were made by Irish President Mary McAleese and Prime Minister Cowen [16].

The highest ranked official of the Roman Catholic Church in Ireland, Dublin Archbishop Diarmuid Martin slammed Irish Catholic orders for concealing their culpability in decades of child abuse, and said they needed to come up with much more money to compensate victims[17].

At the conclusion of its summer meeting, the Irish Catholic Bishops' Conference said that the abuse of children in institutions run by Catholic priests and nuns was part of a culture that was prevalent in the Catholic Church in Ireland. The bishops spent a major portion of their June 8-10 meeting discussing a report from the Commission to Inquire into Child Abuse, published May 20 under chairman Sean Ryan. The commission found that church institutions failed to prevent an extensive level of sexual, physical and emotional abuse and neglect.

Following a June 4 meeting with the Irish government, the 18 Irish religious orders implicated in the abuse have agreed to increase their contribution to the compensation fund for victims. The orders also agreed to an independent audit of their assets, so that their ability to pay further compensation can be determined. In a joint statement following the meeting, the orders said they were willing "to make financial and other contributions toward a broad range of measures, designed to alleviate the hurt caused to people who were abused in their care."[18]

Brothers of CharityEdit

An eight-year (1999–2007) enquiry and report by Dr Elizabeth Healy and Dr Kevin McCoy into the Brothers of Charity Order's "Holy Family School" in Galway, Ireland, and two other locations, was made public in December 2007.

Congregation of Christian BrothersEdit

In Ireland, during the latter part of the 20th century, Christian brothers schools were noted for brutal and frequent use of corporal punishment.[19]

Sexual abuse was rife. Artane Industrial school's staff hosted a number of Brothers who had repeatedly been warned for “embracing and fondling” boys. Others accused of rape, beat or bribed their victims into silence. Accused Brothers were invariably excused, lightly admonished or, typically, moved to other institutions where they were free to continue abusing children for decades.

Norbertine OrderEdit

The Norbertine Order (or White Canons) neglected to inform the police about the abuse by Brendan Smyth from the 1950s. He was eventually charged in 1994.

Salvatorian OrderEdit

On 19 December 2007 a Patrick McDonagh of the Salvatorian Order admitted eight counts of sexual and indecent assault on four girls (aged 6 to 10) in the period 1965–1990 in Ireland. He was sentenced to four years in prison, with the last 30 months suspended. He gave the police the names of three girls, but also admitted to assaulting six other victims whom he has refused to identify. The judge described this as "remorse" and suspended most of the sentence for his guilty plea. Aged 78 in 2007, he had joined the Salvatorians in 1955 and retired in 2004.[20]

Sisters of MercyEdit

The Ryan Report described the Sisters of Mercy order's tolerating physical and sexual abuse of girls in its care in Ireland. Not only that, Mercy Sisters were accused in the report of physically, verbally and emotionally, and perhaps even sexually abusing, or allowing lay personnel to sexually abuse children under the care of the order.

Dominican OrderEdit

Vincent Mercer was convicted in 2003 and 2005 of offences at Newbridge College, County Kildare, in the 1970s.

MexicoEdit

Legion of ChristEdit

Fr. Marcial Maciel (1920 - 2008) founded the Legion of Christ, a Catholic order of priests originating in Mexico. Nine former seminarians of his order accused Maciel of molestation.[21] One retracted his accusation, saying that it was a plot intended to discredit the Legion. Maciel maintained his innocence of the accusations. In early December 2004, a few months before Pope John Paul II's death, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (who would replace him as Pope, becoming Benedict XVI) reopened a Vatican investigation into longstanding allegations against Maciel.[22]

NetherlandsEdit

Salesian OrderEdit

In February 2010 the Salesians were accused of sexual abuse in their juvenate Don Rua in 's-Heerenberg. Salesian bishop of Rotterdam van Luyn pleaded for a thorough investigation.[23]

SpainEdit

Society of JesusEdit

The Jesuits have also been affected by abuse affairs in several of their schools and congregations in the United States and Germany. The same abusive teacher in Germany had been guilty of similar crimes in Jesuit schools in Chile and Spain.[24]

United KingdomEdit

Benedictine schoolsEdit

In 2007, two former monks from Buckfast Abbey were sentenced for sexually abusing boys.[25][26]

In 2004, former priest John Kinsey of Belmont Abbey, Herefordshire, was sentenced at Worcester Crown Court for 5 years for sexual assaults on schoolboys in the mid 1980s.[27] [28]

Kiltegan FathersEdit

Jeremiah McGrath of the Kiltegan Fathers was convicted in Liverpool in May 2007 for facilitating abuse by Billy Adams. McGrath had given Adams £20,000 in 2005 and Adams had used the money to impress a 12-year-old girl who he then raped over a six-month period. McGrath denied knowing about the abuse but admitted having a brief sexual relationship with Adams. His appeal in January 2008 was dismissed.[29]

William Manahan, the Father Prior of a Buckfast Abbey Preparatory School was convicted of molesting boys in his school during the 1970s.[30]

United StatesEdit

Brothers of the Sacred HeartEdit

In July 2007 in the United States a lawsuit was filed against the Brothers of the Sacred Heart which alleged that they moved around a Brother who was accused of sexual misconduct with an adolescent.[31][32]

Congregation of Christian BrothersEdit

According to the Chicago-Sun Times, in 1998, Brother Robert Brouillette was arrested in Joliet, Illinois, for indecent solicitation of a child[33]. In 2002, a civil lawsuit was filed in Cook County, Illinois, against Brother Brouillette for sexual assault against a 21 year old man[34]. Brother Brouliette served as faculty at Brother Rice, in Birmingham, Michigan, at St. Laurence High School in Burbank, Illinois, and possibly other institutions [35]. Brother Robert Brouillette was also known as Robert Sullivan according to court docket 1-07-0633 from the Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois[36].

Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and MaryEdit

Reverend Joseph Bukoski is a Roman Catholic priest of the Hawaiian Province of the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary. He served in the church for many years, but was removed from his post in 2003 following allegations of sexual abuse, for which he has since apologised.[37]

Passionist orderEdit

In 2003 a Passionist priest in Chicago, John Ormechea, faced his sixth accusation for allegedly abusing young boys. As in other cases, it was alleged that the local diocese knew of similar allegations, but did nothing.[38]

Salesian orderEdit

When priests within the Salesians of Don Bosco order based in San Francisco were accused of sex abuse, the leaders chose to keep quiet.[39] In the United States, Salesian High in Richmond, California lost a sexual abuse case,[40] while in Australia there are allegations that the Salesians moved a priest convicted of abuse in Melbourne to Samoa to avoid further police investigation and charges.[41][42]

Society of JesusEdit

The Jesuits have also been affected by abuse affairs in several of their schools and congregations in the United States and Germany.[43][44]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. "Hundreds of priests shuffled worldwide, despite abuse allegations". Snap Network. 2004-06-20. http://www.snapnetwork.org/news/international/hundreds_priests_shuffled.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
  2. Russell, Ron (2006-01-04). "House of the Accused". San Francisco News. http://www.sfweekly.com/2006-01-04/news/house-of-the-accused. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
  3. Ellingsen, Peter. Ballarat's good men of the cloth. The Age Newspaper, June 14 2002.
  4. Multiline.com.au
  5. "Former brother admits abusing boy 20 or 30 times". The Irish Times. 2008-01-19. pp. 3. http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/ireland/2008/0119/1200605154432.html. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
  6. "Abuse. International investigation implicates Salesians/Australia". Cathnews.com. 2004-06-22. http://www.cathnews.com/news/406/120.php. Retrieved 2009-04-08.[dead link]
  7. "Runaway Priests: Hiding in Plain Sight". Dallas News. http://www.dallasnews.com/s/dws/spe/2004/runawaypriests. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
  8. http://www.cathnews.com/article.aspx?aeid=8331
  9. België: ex-broeder veroordeeld voor seksueel misbruik [ Actualiteit | Katholiek Nederland ]
  10. Jesuit coverup of sex abuse on two continents
  11. Settlements and Verdicts
  12. Apology over sex abuse by Jesuit priests
  13. "Past Catholic sexual and physical child abuse in Ireland". http://www.religioustolerance.org/clergy_sex10.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  14. 14.0 14.1 [1]
  15. Shamed by child abuse, Ireland to reform services Reuters, May 26 2009
  16. Irish Church Abusers Should Face Law, McAleese Says Bloomberg, May 30th 2009
  17. Archbishop slams Irish Catholic orders over abuse AP, May 25 2009
  18. Molloy, Cian. "Irish religious orders agree to boost compensation for abuse victims". http://www.americancatholic.org/news/report.aspx?id=1190.
  19. "Casual brutality marked life in Artane". Sunday Business post. 2003-09-07. http://archives.tcm.ie/businesspost/2003/09/07/story298782758.asp.
  20. "Priest gets four years for sexual abuse". The Irish Times. 2007-12-20. pp. 4. http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/ireland/2007/1220/1197997062995.html. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
  21. ReGAIN Website
  22. McKinley Jr, James C. (April 23, 2005). "Pope-to-Be Reopened Mexican Sex Abuse Inquiry". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/23/international/worldspecial2/23mexico.html. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
  23. ‘Onderzoek misbruik op alle internaten’. De Volkskrant, Februari 8, 2010 / March 9, 2010.
  24. Jesuit coverup of sex abuse on two continents
  25. Monk jailed for schoolboys abuse (BBC News)
  26. Jail for child sex abuse teacher (BBC News)
  27. Five years for attacks on boys
  28. Priest almost drove victim to suicide
  29. "Priest who helped groom child for sex loses appeal". Irish Independent. 2008-01-24. http://www.independent.ie/national-news/priest-who-helped-groom-child-for-sex-loses-appeal-1272582.html. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
  30. "Monk jailed for schoolboys abuse". BBC News. 2007-11-08. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/devon/7085067.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
  31. Bremer, Dwayne (July 20, 2007). "Sex abuse allegation rocks St. Stanislaus". The Sea Coast Echo.
  32. Bremer, Dwayne (July 25, 2007). "Stanislaus responds to abuse allegations". The Sea Coast Echo.
  33. "Christian Brother caught in Net sex sting". Chicago Sun Times. 1998-04-21. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P2-4445049.html. Retrieved 2010-01-09.
  34. . The Joliet Daily News. 2004-03-26. http://www.snapnetwork.org/snap_statements/2004_statements/032604_jail_stlouis_brother.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-09.
  35. "Accused Priests Who Worked in the Archdiocese of Chicago". 2007-03-24. http://www.bishop-accountability.org/il_chicago/. Retrieved 2010-01-09.
  36. [citation needed]
  37. Adamski, Mary (February 27, 2004). "National abuse study includes 5 isle priests". Honolulu Star Bulletin.
  38. Rozas, Angela (2003-11-25). "Ormechea Press report 2003: Priest faces new sex-abuse lawsuit". Poynter Online/Chicago Tribune. http://www.poynter.org/dg.lts/id.46/aid.55667/column.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
  39. "Vatican sued in sex abuse cases". BBC News. 2002-04-04. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/low/americas/1910136.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
  40. Russell, Ron (2006-10-04). "Troubled Order". San Francisco News. http://www.sfweekly.com/2006-10-04/news/troubled-order. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
  41. "Abuse. International investigation implicates Salesians/Australia". Cathnews.com. 2004-06-22. http://www.cathnews.com/news/406/120.php. Retrieved 2009-04-08.[dead link]
  42. "Runaway Priests: Hiding in Plain Sight". Dallas News. http://www.dallasnews.com/s/dws/spe/2004/runawaypriests. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
  43. Settlements and Verdicts
  44. Apology over sex abuse by Jesuit priests